Other Bets Props and Futures Some other fun bets that can be made on basketball include prop bets and futures. How To Bet News. Handicapping Your Basketball Bets When oddsmakers set the lines, they take many factors into consideration. If you have even one loss, you lose the entire bet. On the other hand the Magic must either win outright or lose by 3 or fewer points for a Magic spread bet to payout.
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Banks have also taken advantage of algorithms that are programmed to update prices of currency pairs on electronic trading platforms. These algorithms increase the speed at which banks can quote market prices while simultaneously reducing the number of manual working hours it takes to quote prices. Some banks program algorithms to reduce their risk exposure. This allows the bank to maintain a pre-specified level of risk exposure for holding that currency.
Many processes have been made more efficient by algorithms, typically resulting in lower transaction costs. Yet, these are not the only factors that have been driving the growth in forex algorithmic trading. Algorithms have increasingly been used for speculative trading, as the combination of high frequency and the ability to quickly interpret data and execute orders has allowed traders to exploit arbitrage opportunities arising from small price deviations between currency pairs.
Within the forex market, the primary methods of hedging trades are through spot contracts and currency options. Spot contracts are the purchase or sale of a foreign currency with immediate delivery. The forex spot market has grown significantly from the early s due to the influx of algorithmic platforms. In particular, the rapid proliferation of information, as reflected in market prices, allows arbitrage opportunities to arise. Triangular arbitrage , as it is known in the forex market, is the process of converting one currency back into itself through multiple different currencies.
Algorithmic and high-frequency traders can only identify these opportunities by way of automated programs. As a derivative , forex options operate in a similar fashion as an option on other types of securities. The foreign currency options give the purchaser the right to buy or sell the currency pair at a particular exchange rate at some point in the future. Computer programs have automated binary options as an alternative way to hedge foreign currency trades.
Binary options result in one of two outcomes: The trade settles either at zero or at a pre-determined strike price. Risks Involved in Algorithmic Forex Trading There are some downsides of algorithmic trading that could threaten the stability and liquidity of the forex market. One such downside relates to imbalances in trading power of market participants.
Some participants have the means to acquire sophisticated technology to obtain information and execute orders at a much quicker speed than others. This imbalance in algorithmic technology could lead to fragmentation within the market and liquidity shortages over time. Furthermore, while there are fundamental differences between stock markets and the forex market, there is a belief that the same high-frequency trading that exacerbated the stock market flash crash on May 6, , could similarly affect the forex market.
Algorithms may not respond quickly enough if the market were to drastically change, as they are programmed for specific market scenarios. Markets may need to be monitored and algorithmic trading suspended during turbulence to avoid this scenario. However, in such extreme circumstances, a simultaneous suspension of algorithmic trading by numerous market participants could result in high volatility and a drastic reduction in market liquidity.
Forex trading involves buying one currency and selling another at a certain exchange rate. You can profit if that exchange rate changes in your favor i. A major advantage of automated forex trading is the elimination of emotional and psychological influences determining trading decisions in favor of a cold, logical approach to the market.
Algorithms can be used to search for patterns in historical data for developing new models. Most forex platforms will allow a trader to open a demo account prior to funding a full account. Trying out several forex software trading platforms through a trial period can help a trader decide on the best one for their trading needs.
Backtesting can also be done by computers using historical data. The Bottom Line Algorithmic trading has been able to increase efficiency and reduce the costs of trading currencies, but it has also come with added risk. For currencies to function properly, they must be somewhat stable stores of value and be highly liquid. A low spread indicates a narrow difference. Forex brokers usually don't charge a commission. Instead, they make their money on the spread.
So look for a lower spread. When comparing forex brokers, you may find a large range of spreads. Choose a Broker Who's Backed by Regulatory Agencies and a Reliable Institution Unlike equity brokers, forex brokers are usually tied to large banks or lending institutions because of the large amounts of capital required leverage that they need to provide. You can check on this and other financial information and statistics at a forex brokerage website, the website of its parent company , or through BrokerCheck at the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority FINRA website.
Get the Tools You Need to Succeed Forex brokers offer different trading platforms for use by their clients—just like brokers in other markets. These trading platforms usually feature real-time charts, technical analysis tools, real-time news and data, and even support for trading systems.
As part of your broker selection process, be sure to request free trials to test the different trading platforms. Brokers will also provide technical and fundamental information, economic calendars, and other extensive research. Leverage Your Bets Leverage is necessary in forex because the price deviations the sources of profit are merely fractions of a cent. Leverage, expressed as a ratio between total capital available to actual capital, is the amount of money a broker will lend you for trading.
Many brokerages offer a ratio of So give leverage some thought. Bear in mind that while less leverage means lower risk of a margin call , it also means less bang for your buck. If you have limited capital, consider a brokerage that offers high leverage through a margin account. If you have plenty of capital, any broker with a wide variety of leverage options should do. A variety of options lets you vary the amount of risk you are willing to take. For example, less leverage and therefore less risk may be preferable for highly volatile exotic currency pairs.
The smallest account is known as a mini account. Premium accounts, which often require significantly higher amounts of capital, let you use different amounts of leverage and often offer additional tools and services. Forex Broker Actions to Avoid Sniping and Hunting Sniping and hunting are the premature buying or selling of currency near preset points.
They are inappropriate activities used to increase profits. The only way to determine the brokers that do this is to talk to fellow traders. There is no blacklist or organization that reports such activity. Suspect Margin Rules When you are trading with borrowed money, your forex broker has a say in how much risk you take. As such, your broker can buy or sell at their discretion, which can affect you negatively.
This can also result in losing more than your initial investment. Platform or System Malfunction Imagine your plight if you have a large position and are unable to close a trade because of a platform malfunction or system failure, which could be anything from a power outage to an Internet overload or computer crash. This category would also include exceptionally volatile times when orders such as stop-losses do not work. For instance, many traders had tight stop-losses in place on their short Swiss franc positions before the currency surged on Jan.
However, these proved ineffective because liquidity dried up even as everyone stampeded to close their short franc positions. No Information Edge The biggest forex trading banks have massive trading operations that are plugged into the currency world and have an information edge for example, commercial forex flows and covert government intervention that is not available to the retail trader.
Currency Volatility Recall the Swiss franc example. High degrees of leverage mean that trading capital can be depleted very quickly during periods of unusual currency volatility. These events can come suddenly and move the markets before most individual traders have an opportunity to react.
OTC Market The forex market is an over-the-counter market that is not centralized and regulated like the stock or futures markets. This also means that forex trades are not guaranteed by any type of clearing organization, which can give rise to counterparty risk.
Market manipulation of forex rates has also been rampant and has involved some of the biggest players. A common way for market movers to manipulate the markets is through a strategy called stop-loss hunting. These large organizations will coordinate price drops or rises to where they anticipate retail traders will have set their stop-loss orders. When those are triggered automatically by price movement, the forex position is sold, and it can create a waterfall effect of selling as each stop-loss point is triggered, and can net large profits for the market mover.
Is Trading Forex Profitable? Forex trading can be profitable but it is important to consider timeframes. It is easy to be profitable in the short-term, such as when measured in days or weeks. However, to be profitable over multiple years, it's usually much easier when you have a large amount of cash to leverage, and you have a system in place to manage risk.
Many retail traders do not survive forex trading for more than a few months or years. Is Forex High Risk? Although forex trades are limited to percentages of a single point, they are very high risk. The amount needed to turn a significant profit in forex is substantial and so many traders are highly leveraged.
The hope is that their leverage will result in profit but more often than not, leveraged positions increase losses exponentially. Is Forex Riskier Than Stocks? Forex trading is a different trading style than how most people trade stocks. The majority of stock traders will purchase stocks and hold them for sometimes years, whereas forex trading is done by the minute, hour, and day. The timeframes are much shorter and the price movements have a more pronounced effect due to leverage.
In addition, the bond must not have had any re-issues at any point after Feb. The transitional period during which these bonds were not treated as debt claims ended on July The retention tax , which became effective on July 1, , when the European Union Savings Tax Directive was implemented, is a withholding tax on interest payments. Simply put, this tax automatically withholds some of the interest on a bond, and the ultimate amount taxed on the interest will depend on several factors, including the individual's overall income.
This retention tax only applies to the residents of a European Union EU member state and also covers savings accounts, fiduciary deposits, and investment funds. It does not affect the interest payments made to non-EU residents and on these bonds. These bonds were negotiable debt securities.
The interest, premiums, and discounts derived from these bonds were not considered debt claims or savings income. Hence, investment in these bonds did not count when deciding if the thresholds, which determine whether income from certain collective investment funds is savings income, had been passed.
Special Considerations Because they did not automatically withhold taxes, these bonds have been among the preferred securities used by tax evaders. In the absence of further taxation in the country of residence, tax-avoiding investors would prefer bonds that are exempt from the withholding rates over bonds that are taxed or from bonds that are deposited at banks in countries that provide information exchange between tax authorities.
The implementation of automatic withholding via the retention tax was an effort by the EU to avoid tax evasion.
Grandfathered plans might not provide as many benefits and protections. If the policy occurs prior to March 23, , it is not legally required to fulfill all the requirements of the Affordable . Account. Forex Trading for Beginners. Become a Foreign Exchange Trader through learning the basics of currency trading on the Forex market. Led by John Jagerson View Instructor Bio. . Aug 18, · An exchange rate is a price paid for one currency in exchange for another. It is this type of exchange that drives the forex market. There are different kinds of official .