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Elena Tanou: Hosting an event like this will attract around 1, visitors for at least three nights in the capital. This event is undoubtedly a fantastic opportunity for us to prove that Nicosia, amongst the other advantages it has, can successfully organise European conferences of any magnitude and calibre. The conference will contribute financially to the level of nearly EUR1. When Cyprus was holding the presidency of the European Union, the city went through a facelift whereby major improvements where carried out to clean and shipshape the capital.
The same actions will be carried out to celebrate this great conference. On the cultural side of things, great events will be organised to entertain and educate our guests and take them on a travel throughout our history. What are the comparative advantages Nicosia FEBRUARY Elena Tanou: The objectives are to provide changes in the tourist environment and refocus governmental and private sector efforts at national, regional and local levels towards the implementation of actions in key strategic areas.
Within this framework, the Nicosia Tourism Board was established in January It is a private limited company with 13 members of the board. The strategic plan is focusing on five major areas. The archaeological museum located in town is the main and largest museum on the island. The following projects are under development to improve the infrastructure; renovation of the archaeological museum, lighting of the old city and monuments, regeneration of the old city, and renovation of the Eleftheria Square.
Among others it has a European standards grass football field, GSP, a synthetic track athletic stadium, Olympic swimming pool and a European standard shooting club. The creation of many long bike paths can host cycling clubs and federations to train or enjoy cycling in Nicosia and its suburbs in perfect climate conditions and a secure environment. The goal is to establish Nicosia as a sports and training destination.
Furthermore, due to the geographical position Nicosia can be established as the business and commercial centre, and a centre of financial services. It has many wellequipped and technologically sophisticated clinics and highly qualified specialist doctors. It can definitely be a medical tourism attraction. Travel Trade Cyprus: Do you believe that Nicosia, as a modern European capital, has an adequate and diverse tourism product?
Elena Tanou: As a result of the various architectural influences that are visible throughout the city, one cannot help but be charmed by the manner in which past and present, traditional and contemporary have seamlessly fused together. The modern city centre will capture your imagination from the start, with its melting pot of influences that give the city a unique image.
Ledras, Onasagorou, Stasikratous and Mnasiadou streets offer shopping options that are comparable to many European countries. Nicosia also offers Cypriot and international culinary temptations in the many luxury restaurants that line its streets. Incentives are of vital importance, therefore we tend to upgrade our markets, extend our network, place priorities and with this integrated approach promote Nicosia for short vacations, business, educational, shopping and cultural trips.
Vincent and the Grenadines, Cyprus. To what extent and how could Larnaca keep up with the new trend of boutique hotels? This commitment is underlined by the launch of two new exciting routes connecting Cyprus with Serbia and Ukraine. We look forward to carrying many Cypriots to the historic cities of Kiev and Belgrade as well as to Donetsk, while Serbian and Ukraine travellers can visit beautiful Cyprus on our very low fares.
Furthermore, the unique character of the boutique hotels, will give a boost to the aesthetic environment of the city, which without a doubt is in need. As Larnaca has history and a specific traditional character which has been ignored for years, it is about time to take advantage of the tradition, to highlight and promote its beauty as this will make Larnaca competitive.
The thermal mud treatment is warm mud that envelopes the hands, relieving joint pain and stiffness while the client exercises her hand in the warm mud. We want to hear from you, so send your comments, questions, frustrations and observations to editorial traveltradecyprus. Travel Trade Cyprus: How many visitors did Ayia Napa and Protaras receive in , and how satisfying are those figures? Lakis Avraamides: The season [closed] on the same level as .
Ayia Napa and Protaras once again had the biggest share of the arrivals. We estimate that around , tourists ended up in Ayia Napa and Protaras. This is thanks to the Russian market which at the beginning of the crisis suffered a lot, but when the market recovered, Ayia Napa and Protaras received nearly 50 percent of the Russian visitors which helped the region to have high occupancy during the high season.
What is good for the area is that, although we have the main share of the Russian market, we have also the biggest share of other major markets, like the Nordic countries and Switzerland. UK and Germany are the two main ones. However the most important is not the number of arrivals, but the number of overnights. Here we have over six million overnights which is just over 41 percent of the overnights all over Cyprus.
That was for and we wait to see the statistics for So with all these in mind, I can say that we are pleased with the season. Travel Trade Cyprus: How does the region plan to enrich its tourist product offering and attract new markets? Lakis Avraamides: As a region, and when I say region, I mean all the municipalities and the villages around, we all work together, as well as on an individual basis to enrich the product.
Each municipality has its own developing programme and we work together to implement it. There are many projects in the pipeline which will enrich the tourist product, but due to the crisis they had to be put aside. Some others are ready to go on provided that we will find investors; like the marinas of Ayia Napa and Protaras, the golf course and the promenade in Ayia Napa.
But what helped the region to increase its occupancies a lot, was the renovation of hotels along the coast, both in Protaras and Ayia Napa. A complete renovation which really enriched the accommodation product of the region. It was stressed by the head of the committee during the interview that the EU had commissioned a group of 6 to visit the TRNC and evaluate the laws regarding the casino gambling activities, especially in relation to black money i.
Furthermore, the EU commission had made three recommendations. First, every person who is involved in gambling, in any of the casinos, should be registered in order to facilitate monitoring the gambling affairs of the gamblers by the authorities.
In parallel with casino gambling, the proliferation of the sex industry in North Cyprus has raised a few eyebrows within the community who attribute the magnitude of this activity to the proliferation of casinos. The main patrons of these outlets i. It is a paradox that prostitution has not been legalized in North Cyprus; however, nightclubs and pubs are establishments licensed to serve alcohol and employ the services of women termed konsomatrices.
As defined by the law, these are women who eat and drink with clients at a nightclub and make an income out of this practice. Although it is illegal for konsomatrices to practice prostitution, they do routinely engage in sex acts for money, both on the nightclub premises and outside. This reality is well understood by both legislators and police in North Cyprus Lisaniler et al.
The city is located on the north coast with a pleasant climate, historical landmarks, picturesque topography, harbor, and signficant overall accessibility, which makes it highly attractive within the whole island Gunce, see Figure 2. Out of 25 casinos, 17 are located in and around the city of Kyrenia. The recent growth of casino gambling establishments is striking, increasing from 17 in to 25 in , all of which are attached to or located in hotels and other tourist accommodations.
This expansion reflects the growing popularity of an activity that has remained controversial for over years. During the time of this study, 6 more applications have been filed through the authorities and have been given licenses to open up new casinos MET, ; Kibris Gazetesi, c, p. A pilot questionnaire was employed to ensure that the research instrument as a whole functioned and operated well. Finally, the questionnaire was comprised of three sections.
The third section of the instrument consisted of demographic data which included, gender, age, education, and the length of residency in the city of Kyrenia. More than questionnaires were distributed by different informants who were natives of Kyrenia, university graduates, and proficient in the Turkish language. In doing so, the weaknesses inherent in this non-probability sampling method were ameliorated.
Altogether, completed questionnaires were collected and used for the purpose of data analysis. This study used non-probability sampling which is essentially an umbrella term to capture all forms of sampling e. In order to properly address the research questions of interest and to obtain the most representative sample possible, it was decided to distribute questionnaires to the residents from the Kyrenia district. The survey was to be representative of both females and males; people of various age groups with the majority between 18 and 40 years old ; people from different income groups; people with different qualifications; and people living in suburban and urban areas.
This was to ensure that the sample was representative of the population which is homogeneous with respect to characteristic highly shared widely in islands and microstates Anckar, Ninety percent of the respondents were long-term residents in the community. The distribution of the questionnaires to the respondents was also methodical, as it was highly decentralized to allow for spatial variations.
This prevented the survey from clustering in one spatial area e. Identified respondents throughout the town were given the questionnaire on a cross-sectional basis for spatial variations of residents in an attempt to assess their perceptions about the presence of casino gambling in their community by addressing various social, cultural, environmental, and economical issues or concerns. The demographic profile of the respondents consisted of The majority The age group of 55 and above represented only 4.
The age group of captured Most respondents had lived in Kyrenia for at least 5 years, and The educational profile of respondents comprised of university-level education The extent of community attachment was high among respondents, as all owned properties in the Kyrenia district. The result of the analysis revealed that residents did not have a considerable positive view of casino gambling in their community.
In fact, there is a strong sentiment among the public in North Cyprus who believe that major hotels are always reserved for the gamblers, which reduces the availability of hotel accommodation for non-gamblers. Table 3. Casino gambling should 77 Casinos should be 93 Casino gambling is the 81 Casino gambling should 96 Locals gamble because 82 I am aware of 80 It is highly essential to Casino gambling is an 77 Casinos are an 97 This is congruent with the fact that rapid urbanization of the city of Kyrenia has been seen over the last five years, caused by second home development, especially by the British market.
Furthermore, the situation was exacerbated by the lack of city planning, which is a critical public sectors problem in North Cyprus. The city of Kyrenia is also a historical city in North Cyprus with numerous palaces and castles from antiquity. Casinos cause the increased in Casinos cause the increase in Casinos are increasing 86 Casinos bring economic 96 Casinos contribute to high quality 82 Casinos cause rapid urbanization 83 Historic values of Kyrenia have Casinos are threat to the 98 Casinos have positive impact on 92 Casinos are threat to the family 88 This is instrumental in understanding how residents make sense of their lives and experiences with the presence of casino gambling in their community Hsu, b.
When asked if they were happy with the presence of casinos in their community, When asked if they blame casinos for the increase in the living expenditures in their community, In the meantime, majority of the respondents blamed casinos for high prices of goods and services in their city.
Table 5. Casinos are established 95 Presence of casinos entices 92 Casinos will bring prestige to 85 Scholars have applied different theories and utilized different methodologies to understand the impacts of and attitudes toward this form of tourism by employing social, economic, spatial, physical, environmental, and behavioral factors.
As described in the literature review, the outcome of the studies and findings of the research varies greatly for different gaming communities with regard to different theories and factors. At the same time, scholars have tried to determine which of these theories is more relevant to the specific cases that they studied.
Furthermore, the bulk of the literature applied numerous theories but failed to clarify the strengths or weaknesses of each theory in relation to each specific case. Our findings have produced several significant revelations. In the meantime, they did not see themselves as beneficiaries of casino gambling, either economically or socially.
They felt and perceived the casino industry as an alien economic agent planted in their communities, which simply ran over their interests. In fact, in relation to employment, they are aware that the overwhelming majority of investments in casinos are foreign owned, which then employ foreign labor.
The implantation of casinos in Kyrenia, which are owned and operated by foreign investors and licensed by the political elite, confirms the growth machine theory at work. The theory continues to inspire researchers as it addresses the basic issues of growth, local economic development, and promotion of policies towards these goals. The growth machine thesis is structured upon land uses, economic forces, and policies to facilitate processes of urban growth, but it also offers an elaboration or an exploration of place-building and sustainability.
The relevancy and utility of the growth machine theory stands out strongly as it deals with: land usage, which is a central dimension in tourism planning and development; local economic development, which is the main motivation of host communities to achieve place-building and place- sustainability; and the role of the government in formulating tourism investment policies where investors are the forces of growth i. In reference to the case of Kyrenia, local economic development i.
It pinpoints specifically on the centrality of the strategies, schemes, and the needs of residents and their institutions at the local level. However, in the case of Kyrenia, residents have not been a dynamic part of casino gambling coalition to mould and shape the local development policies.
Casino gambling-based interests, which is also land-based i. Furthermore, casino gambling, as a growth machine, has had greater leeway in manipulating building regulations, environmental requirements, and local concerns to their benefit.
This study has explored the fact that, although there are certain positive impacts resulting from different forms of tourism activities on the welfare of a community, there are still some forms of tourism which cannot easily overcome the conflicts of interests that may exist between the community in question and the nature of a particular tourism activity. The results of this study, therefore, offer an important caveat for planners to ensure that they obtain firsthand knowledge of local attitudes and concerns about any tourism activity in their community Alonso, ; Gunce, ; Harrill et al.
It is also true that an imposed economic activity, such as casino gambling, will incur a certain amount of economic benefit for some, in the short term at least; however, it is vital to integrate the views of the community into the actual planning processes Dredge, as well as to ensure its participation in these processes.
The result of the study demonstrated that the case of Kyrenia is unique as it moves beyond the confinement of theoretical explanations abundant in the literature. Instead, the case of Kyrenia contains particular parameters of its own which are plausible enough to permit us to employ growth machine theory to explain our case. International Gambling Studies, 6 2 , Las Vega Degil, Las Karpaz. Alonso, A, D. Is Wellington Environmentally Friendly? Journal of Tourism Consumption and Practice, 1 1 , Altinay, L.
Politics and tourism interface: the case of Cyprus. Annals of Tourism Research, 33 4 , Anckar, D. Homogeneity and Smallness: Dahl and Tufte Revisited. Scandinavian Political Studies, 22 1 , Developing and testing a tourism impact scale.
Journal of Travel Research, 37 2 , Ayres, R. Tourism as a passport to development in small states: reflection on Cyprus. International Journal of Social Economics, 27 2 , Beeton, S. Current Issues in Tourism, 6 4 , Bjelde, K. Journal of Gambling Studies, 24 4 , Bryman, A. Social Research Methods 2nd ed.
Oxford: Oxford University Press. Burby, R. The American Planning Association Journal, 69 1 , Burgess, J. Geography, 64 4 , Burns, P. Paradoxes in Planning: Tourism Elitism or Brutalism? Annals of Tourism Research, 26 2 , Butler, R. Tourism in the future: Cycles, waves or wheels? Futures, 41 6 , Caneday, L. The social, economic, and environmental costs of tourism to a gambling community as perceived by its residents.
Journal of Travel Research, 30 2 , Clark, T. The City as an Entertainment Machine. Stamford: JAI Press. Croes, R. A paradigm shift to a new strategy for small island economies: Embracing demand side economics for value enhancement and long term economic stability. Tourism Management, 27 3 , Dinkov, D. Dogan, H. Forms of adjustment: Socio-cultural impacts of tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 16 2 , Dorothy, G. Sustainable Development: the challenge for community development.
Community Development Journal, 32 3 , Dredge, D. Place change and tourism development conflict: Evaluating public interest. Tourism Management, 31 1 , Evans, P. Livable Cities? Fainstain, S. Readings in Urban Theory. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers. Felsenstein, D. Estimating the impacts of cross border competition: the case of gambling in Israel and Egypt. Tourism Management, 22 1 , Journal of Tourism and Cultural Chang, 3 1 , Green, R.
Community perceptions of environmental and social change and tourism development on the island of Koh Samui, Thailand. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 25 1 , 37— Gonzales, A. What does a casino mean to a tribe? Assessing the impact of casino development on Indian reservations in Arizona and New Mexico.
The Social Science Journal, 44 1 , Griswold, M. Social Capital and Casino Gambling in U. Social Indicators Research, 77 3 , Gu, M. Tourism Geographies, 8 3 , Gunce, E. Cities, 20 3 , Tourism Planning 4th ed. New York: Routledge. Gursoy, D. Annals of Tourism Research, 29 1 , Hall, M. Tourism Planning. London: Prentice Hall. Tourism Planning: Policies, Processes and Relationships 2nd ed.
Hampton, M. Heritage, local communities and economic development. Annals of Tourism Research, 32 3 , Haque, M. International Political Science Review, 20 2 , Harrill, R. Journal of Planning Literature, 18 3 , Tourism planning in historic districts: Attitudes toward tourism development in Charleston, Journal of the American Planning Association, 69 3 , Harrison, D.
London: Bellhaven. Holsti, K. International Politics a Frame work for analysis. New York: Prentice Hall. Hope, K. Unbanization and the environment in Southern Africa: Towards a managed framework for the sustainability of cities. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 42 6 ,
It is our strong belief, that to sustain and further develop quality in hotel and tourism businesses, a slow-down is necessary in the construction of new hotel units, as well as, upgrading and enriching existing ones. This is the reason why our association only accepts as members quality hotels. Each and every one of our members is totally devoted to quality. Our mission is to play a constructive role vis-a-vis the government and the private sector, so as to enhance the image, quality and efficiency of the hotel and tourism industry in Cyprus.
This is the reason why ACTE is an active and prominent tourism industry stakeholder. Through substantiated standpoints, systematic research and in-depth studies, ACTE has been a driving force for the necessary quality improvement and upgrading of Cyprus tourism product. She worked as parliamentary associate of an MP in the Cypriot Parliament for 4 years and as a project manager in one of the major shareholders of the two airports in Cyprus.
She also actively participates in the Southern Europe Tourism Initiative. She represents STEK in various tourism exhibitions abroad, as well as international tourism conferences and fora. The granting by the Frankish kings of commerce privileges to powerful trading cities of the West, such as Venice and Genoa gave rise to conflict between the Western powers as to who would prevail over Cyprus.
This had a detrimental political and economic effect on the island. The 14th century saw great commercial and economic activity in Cyprus. The capital of the island Lefkosia and the coastal city of Ammochostos Famagusta grew into large urban centres with considerable trading activity.
During the Middle Ages , Cyprus produced and exported high quality sugar, excellent wine and other fine agricultural products. At the same time the weaving and lace industries flourished. Another growing industry was the production of glazed ceramic ware, both for local as well as for export needs.
The gothic monuments that survive from the Frankish period consist mainly of places of worship and castles that combine Byzantine and western elements. This resulted in the definitive ousting of the Genoans from the island and the prevalence of Venetian rule.
The main agricultural products that the island exported were wheat, barley, sugar, cotton, wine and olive oil. The main cottage industry was textiles, while at the same time lace was beginning to be produced in the village of Lefkara. Most exports were shipped out of the port of Ammochostos. Towards the end of Venetian rule, Larnaka became the most important port of Cyprus, from where salt was exported.
The port of Lemesos also started to develop at this time. When the Ottomans conquered the island of Rhodes in , the Venetians were alerted to the danger of losing Cyprus. Hence they built Venetian Walls, Lefkosia fortifying walls around Lefkosia and strengthened the existing walls of Ammochostos, on whose sea side stood the tower of Othello , known from the Shakespeare tragedy. The Latins were expelled from the island and a Moslem community was established in Cyprus for the first time.
Privileges were given to the Orthodox Church of Cyprus from the beginning of Ottoman rule, giving it not just religious authority but also political authority. Cyprus went through hard times during Ottoman rule. The contribution of the Greek Cypriots to the Greek War of Independence in resulted in the execution of Cyprus Archbishop Kyprianos, three of his bishops and about clerics and laymen.
Since the early 18th century, there took place a positive social and economic resurgence in the lives of Greek Cypriots and Greeks, alongside the parallel decline of the Ottoman Empire. The trading activities of Europeans in the coastal towns of Cyprus and the establishment of foreign consular offices in Larnaka marked the start of a change in the social fabric of the island, from agricultural and semi- feudal as it was in previous periods, to semi-urban in the coastal towns.
This social change was strengthened by the close contacts of the Greeks of Cyprus with the newly independent Greek state that emerged after the Greek War of Independence. These first urbanised townsfolk began to express The house of Chatzigeorgakis Kornesios, the first strong nationalist sentiments.
Despite early expectations of Cypriots that there would be substantial changes in their political, economic and social lives and that their desire for union of Cyprus with Greece would be fulfilled, these did not materialise. Greek Cypriot disappointment with British colonial rule together with the prevailing economic recession, led to the uprising events of October These events resulted in even harsher colonial measures being imposed by the British.
The Greeks of Cyprus continued to press on with their demand for national restitution and union with Greece but the British government continued to reject it. The referendum outcome had no effect on the British stance. The struggle resulted in the ending of British rule, but not to union with Greece. On the basis of the Zurich- London agreements Britain maintained two sovereign military bases on the island with a total combined area of ,4 square kilometres, consisting of Dhekelia to the east of Larnaka and Akrotiri-Episkopi near Lemesos.
The latter gave the right to the three guarantor powers, Britain, Turkey and Greece, to take action in the event that the provisions of the Treaty were violated. Although the Cyprus constitution safeguarded the basic rights and freedoms of all its citizens, it contained community provisions that made it complex and non-workable. In the President of the Republic proposed constitutional amendments which both the Turkish Cypriot community leadership and Turkey rejected.
As a result of subsequent inter-communal conflict that ensued at the beginning of , a United Nations Security Council resolution established a U. N Peace Keeping Force in Cyprus. In the military junta ruling Greece at the time staged a military coup in Cyprus aiming at the overthrow of elected President Makarios.
Despite international condemnation of Turkey and the acknowledgement of the rights of the Cypriot people drafted in various resolutions issued by the United Nations, the Security Council, the Commonwealth, the Non- Aligned Movement and other international organisations, Turkish troops still illegally occupy the northern part of Cyprus. On the1st of May , with its northern part still under occupation, Cyprus became a full member of the European Union.
The accession act included a protocol which states that implementation of the acquis communautaire on the areas not controlled by the Cyprus government as a result of the Turkish invasion is suspended. This suspension will be removed as soon as the Cyprus problem is solved. Efforts and negotiations to find a just and functional solution to the Cyprus problem are continuing.
The history of the city dates back to the Bronze Age. In antiquity and in early Christian times it was known as Ledra. It has been the capital of Cyprus since the Late Byzantine period 11th century. The Lusignans transformed it into a splendid city, with royal palaces and 50 churches. Contemporary Lefkosia combines the historic past with the liveliness of a modern city. Outside the walls, the modern city with its contemporary comforts pulsates to cosmopolitan rhythms.
A few kilometres into the countryside one can admire superb Byzantine churches and monasteries. Several extensions were added later, to reach its present form. The collections consist of pottery, jewellery, sculpture, coins, copper objects, and other artifacts, exhibited in chronological order in the various museum galleries. Pieces of important artistic as well as archaeological and historical value that are typical of Cypriot culture include the cross-shaped idol of the Chalcolithic period, the Early Bronze Age pottery from Vouni, the Late Bronze Age golden jewellery from Egkomi and the 1st century BC statue of Aphrodite of Soloi.
The museum is a stop on the Aphrodite Cultural Route. Over icons dating from the 9th Plateia to the 19th century, as well as ecclesiastical Archiepiskopou vessels, robes and books are exhibited in the Kyprianou Tel. The 6th century mosaics from the church of Panagia Kanakaria in Lythragkomi are the most impressive of all the exhibits. These mosaics were brought back to Cyprus after having been illegally exported from the occupied part of the island. The Old Archbishopric, built in , stands alongside it.
Its ground floor houses the Ethnographic Museum of Cyprus. It was turned into an Orthodox monastery in when the Benedictine Order left the island following the Mameluke raids. The Orthodox church dedicated to St John the Theologian, remained a monastery until the 18th century when Archbishop Sylvester converted it into a cathedral, establishing it as the seat of the Orthodox Archbishopric in Cyprus.
It is a small single-aisled church with Franco-Byzantine architectural elements, its high external buttresses giving the impression from the outside of being a fort. It is the only church in Lefkosia in which the whole of the internal frescoes have survived in their entirety.
The four large icons on the iconostasis were painted by the Cretan master, Ioannis Kornaros, in and Its 18th century frescoes depict scenes from the Holy Bible and the discovery of the tomb of St. Barnabas at Salamis. It includes wood-carved objects, tapestry, embroidery, pottery, Cypriot folk costumes and material hand-woven on the loom.
Its aim is to promote fine art in Tel. It has a large exhibition area where it houses rare and specialist publications for art lovers. It is dedicated to Panagia Chrysaliniotissa and is believed to have been first built in by Queen Helena Palaeologina. They consist of various units engaged in contemporary applications of traditional crafts and a coffee shop. The Crafts Centre is part of the project to restore and regenerate the old part of Lefkosia within the walls. It consists of a large vaulted passage and two side rooms.
The internal entrance is very impressive, while the external one opens onto the moat that surrounds the walls. The office of Dragoman was introduced in Cyprus at the start of Ottoman rule and was abolished in with the Greek War of Independence. Dragomans acted as liaisons between the pasha and the occupied population and were the most important political figures after the pasha.
In the first years of Ottoman rule the dragomans were foreigners or Greek speaking Franks and later Orthodox Greek Cypriots. Chatzigeorgakis Kornesios was the most prominent of all the dragomans of Cyprus. The building was restored by the Department of Antiquities and today houses the Cyprus Ethnological Museum.
The To arrange a visit bath complex or hammam was dedicated to the please call Caliph Omer and the area became known as Omeriye. It is now been restored to its present state. Augustinian monastery dedicated to St. Near the old Municipal It was converted into a mosque in by Market. The mosque Mustafa Pasha, the Ottoman conqueror of the can be visited whenever island, who believed that the original church was there are no worshippers.
Most of the original building was destroyed by Turkish artillery in Inscribed tombstones from the Lusignan period were used to install a new floor for the mosque. Visitors can see the remains of a late Venetian building near the eastern side of the mosque.
The Tel. The museum also houses an exhibition of photographs. The church does not belong to any definite style and its architectural features are austere. The cross of Jerusalem can be seen in the facade. Kasteliotissa, with its strong gothic elements, has been restored by the Department of Antiquities. It is used today as an exhibition centre and is open to the public only when functions are held there. The mosque dates to It was restored and opened for worship in late Founded in , it is named after its donor, the Anastasios G.
Leventis Foundation, which bought and restored the building. The museum is administered by the Municipality of Nicosia. The collection includes archaeological finds, traditional costumes, photographs, medieval pottery, maps, engravings, jewellery and furniture. The museum is linked with the Aphrodite Cultural Route. The Museums consist of the following: Museum of the History of the School, the Archaeological and the Numismatic Collection, collection of Old Maps, collection of Old Weaponry, the Art Gallery with the work of great painters who served as teachers and students of the school, a Natural History Collection and other exhibits.
The collection is completed with a unique sample of gothic sculpture from Cyprus which is impressive by its size, style and iconographical references. Visitors can Tel. Due Triantafyllides, to the widespread export of this pottery style Phaneromenis , especially in the Eastern Mediterranean, such Tel. Of special significance is a unique anthropomorphic vessel. The collection is enriched by white slip pottery and base ring pottery, two typical styles of pottery from the Late Bronze Age in Cyprus.
The richest part of the collection consists of limestone sculptures from the 6th century BC to the Hellenistic period. Opposite the church is the school of Faneromeni, one of the most historic academic institutions in Cyprus. Originally built in the first half of the 16th century, it is a Frankish building whose architectural style is a blend of Byzantine, Gothic and Italian renaissance elements. Geitonia The interior of the church is rich, with an unusually wide iconostasis and silver icons.
The collection is Laiki Geitonia accompanied by a display of objects related to Tel. A substantial part of the museum is dedicated to the history of the Cyprus Police Force, from the British period up to the present time. The visitor can see uniforms, arms, equipment and police vehicles, as well as musical instruments, photographs and documents of the Police Band. Two thousand six hundred years of turbulent Cypriot history portrayed through the display of coins.
The museum is linked to the Aphrodite Cultural Route. It is a solitary institution, dependent on the Monastery of Kykkos. Makarios III of Zampelas family. A pioneer museum in its Avenue, Kaimakli, field, this museum exhibits great modern and Tel. Furthermore, it organises temporary exhibitions of artists from Cyprus and abroad.
These are complemented with educational programmes and other cultural activities. Situated in Kaimakli, it is very close to the centre of Nicosia and the walled city. It is also the resting place of four other EOKA heroes who died in combat. It was probably built in the 9th or 10th 27km from Lefkosia on the Lefkosia —Troodos century and is an outstanding example of Cypriot road Byzantine architecture.
Next to the church lies Tel. Officers and Leoforos Iroon. It was rebuilt in and in road. The monastery was founded by Archbishop Nikiforos, whose tomb can be seen in the narthex of the church. The iconostasis dates to The monastery has a fresco depicting the Archangel Michael. Today the monastery houses the Kykko Monastery Research Center. It was established by the Leoforos Strovolou Strovolos Municipality.
It displays specimens of Tel. He was martyred at the age of Tel. In AD a church was built over his grave. The monastery was destroyed and rebuilt several times. Today the monastery functions as a convent. Excavations have southwest of Lefkosia brought to light the Royal Tombs, copper Tel.
Impressive archaeological finds fromTamassos are the six oversized limestone statues dating back to the 6th century BC. They are now exhibited in the Cyprus Museum in Lefkosia. Tamassos is linked to the Aphrodite Cultural Route. It was founded by two monks in , through the village of when a miraculous icon of the Virgin Mary was Deftera found in a nearby cave.
During Ottoman rule it Tel. This is the cloister monastery of Archbishop Kyprianos, who was executed by theTurks together with hundreds of other clerics and laymen on 9 July The brotherhood follows equally strict rules here as the brotherhood at Mount Athos in Greece.
Every year on 15 August and on 8 September a large religious fair is held here. About 2km north of Machairas monastery lies the hide-out of Grigoris Afxentiou , hero of the Liberation Struggle. On 3 March British troops surrounded his hide-out and called upon Afxentiou to surrender. He refused and after 7 hours of battle the British poured petrol into the hideout and blew it up.
Afxentiou perished. Personal belongings of the hero are exhibited in a special museum. The vestry of Machairas monastery, which is situated in the basement, has been restored and set up thanks to a donation by the A. Leventis Foundation. The vestry maintains a room where the old books and manuscripts of the monastery are kept, exhibition areas and storage rooms with icons and ecclesiastic objects.
The church possibly of Lefkosia dates back to the early Christian period. This type of church is rare in Cyprus but common in the Near East. Sadly the decorated walls of the cave have suffered great damage and the frescoes are no longer visible.
A large religious festival is held on 15 August, the day of the Dormition of the Virgin Mary. These buildings house the Rural Museum. A scale model replica Tel. Dioramas give three-dimensional representations of the area vegetation, birds, mammals and reptiles.
Geological samples, fossils and related objects are exhibited in a separate room, while visual material is used to present the local fauna and flora. It is the Brewery Old Lefkosia - largest museum of its kind in Cyprus. It combines the traditional 22km south of Lefkosia To arrange a visit call house with the place of work.
The workshop uses Tel. The region road is linked with the Aphrodite Cultural Route. It contains some of the most exquisite frescoes found in Cyprus, dating back to the late 12th century and considered to be some of the most beautiful examples of Comnenian art.
Of interest is the church of Agios Demetrianos 13th century. Medieval ruins can be found in the region of the village of Potamia, including those of a summer palace of the Frankish kings and queens of Cyprus and a Gothic church. The exhibits of the museum represent all the chronological phases of the history of Idalion and come from both the old and the more recent excavations of the area ancient city and from both settlements and cemeteries.
The city developed after the destruction of Amathous by Richard the Lionheart in Many important antiquities, Byzantine and Frankish monuments are found in the city of Lemesos, evidence of its long history. The city is also known for its lively Carnival celebrations, the annual Wine Festival and the traditional, spontaneous hospitality of its inhabitants. In the nearby mountainous regions of the district one finds beautiful wine producing villages, the relaxing mountain resort of Platres and the picturesque region of Pitsilia.
According to archaeological Tel. The Venetians strengthened its walls to ward off sea-pirates. Legend has it that Richard the Lionheart, the King of England and leader of the 3rd Crusade, married Berengaria of Navarre here in In the Ottomans conquered the castle and used it as a garrison and gaol. During British rule it functioned as a police station and briefly as a detainment place. Today the castle houses the Cyprus Medieval Museum, whose exhibits include medieval pottery, superb silver Byzantine era plates, tombstones, weapons, crosses and coins.
They the Medieval Castle were used to make a wide variety of products Tel. The machinery used in processing the carobs is preserved and displayed in a renovated building, blending the authentic atmosphere of the past with the sophisticated hightech look of the present.
The Carob Mill area has been divided into a complex of two distinct areas: the first area consists of the restored Carob Mill and the second houses the Evagoras Lanitis Centre, an arts and exhibitions area. The first room contains pottery from different historical periods, the middle room has coins, jewellery, lamps and a variety of copper tools and objects, while the third has sculptures, tombstones, capitals, inscriptions and other marble and limestone artifacts.
Exhibits include a variety of objects related to the cult of Aphrodite, such as fertility and other votive offerings and female terracotta figurines. Over exhibits are displayed in six rooms. These include interesting urban attire, traditional costumes, furniture, wood carvings, embroidery and jewellery.
Recent excavations to Genethliou Mitella the east have revealed the architectural remains Str. The mosque is one of the most important places of worship for the Moslems of Lemesos. It is dedicated to the Virgin Mary. According to tradition it takes its name from an icon of the Virgin Mary, which was found in a glen Napa in Latin means glen. Another source says that the church owes its name to a temple built in the Frankish period, dedicated to the Holy Nappe of St Berenice, known by the name of Saint Nape.
He used an interior baroque style, whilst opting for an eclectic design on the exterior facade. The walls on the apse and its vault are decorated with neo-byzantine frescoes, which were repainted during renovations in Next to the museum lies Digenis Tel. It was originally built in the 13th on the road to Pafos century and rebuilt in its present form in the Tel.
John of Jerusalem and in the 14th century came under the domain of the Knights Templar. Next to the castle are the ruins of a 14th century sugar mill. The various stages of wine production Tel. Ancient jars and canisters, medieval drinking vessels, old documents and instruments illustrate the social, economic and symbolic aspects of wine production. Kourion site The exhibits consist of finds fromthe nearby Tel.
It dates to the 2nd century AD. According to archaeological sources, ancient pentathlon events took place here. The magnificent Tel. Today the theatre has been completely restored and is used for musical and theatrical performances. It consists of a complex of baths and rooms with beautiful 5th century AD mosaic floors. The early Christian basilica dates back to the 5th century AD and was probably the Cathedral of Kourion, with separate baptistery on the external northern side.
Other parts of the site include private villas and an impressive Nymphaeum, dedicated to water nymphs. The Stadium lies 1km to the west, on the right side of the road towards Pafos. A roof structure allows visitors to enjoy the site all year round. His sanctuary was an important religious centre. Pastelli Museum 39km west of Lemesos The Pastelli museum is a small museum depicting To arrange a visit the manufacture of pastelli, a traditional sweet Tel.
Olive Park - Oleastro Educational and fun park encapsulating 60, Tel. It houses an ecological oil mill, representations of a biological olive grove, as well as demonstrations of various methods of olive pressing from the beginning until modern times, agricultural activities and traditions surrounding the olive.
The church is built in the north-east corner of an early Christian basilica that was divided into rooms known as monastery. It has west of Lemesos an exhibition room, library, projection room Tel. It offers educational programmes for schools on the history and habitat of the region. Visitors can view exhibits related to the protected Akrotiri peninsula, the geological formation of the region and can admire the view of the nearby salt lake.
According to tradition, the monastery was founded by St. Helena, mother of Emperor Constantine the Great , who left a piece of wood from the Holy Cross there. During that period Cyprus experienced a severe drought, as a result of which many people fled from the Cape and the area became infested by snakes. Then Constantine the Great sent a commander to Cyprus called Kalokeros, who released thousands of cats to the Cape in order to exterminate the snakes and thus save the area.
Amathous was an important site of worship of the goddess Aphrodite-Astarte. Archaeological finds originate from several tombs, one of which was found in the front entrance of the present Amathus hotel, others at the Acropolis and the lower section of the town, and in five early Christian basilicas. The finds date from the Archaic to the Roman and Christian periods. A pair of enormous stone vases, the largest ever discovered,were found here, one of which is now at the Louvre Museum in Paris.
The site is also linked to the Aphrodite Cultural Route. It is a 20km east of Lemesos three-aisled wooden roofed church and contains sophisticated wall paintings of the early 16th century that are among the most important surviving examples in Cyprus of the Italo- Byzantine style of art. An extraordinary leather icon of the Virgin in the nearby new church is believed to have special curative powers.
During To arrange a visit the restoration work 14th and 15th century call Germasogeia wall paintings were uncovered under the plaster Municipality: and were restored.
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